Global

Does Supportive Housing Keep Families Together?

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 25th, 2020

In 2012, the Children’s Bureau in the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families funded Partnerships to Demonstrate the Effectiveness of Supportive Housing for Families in the Child Welfare System, a five-year, $25 million demonstration that provided supportive housing to families in the child welfare system. With funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Casey Family Programs, and the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, the Urban Institute conducted the cross site evaluation. The study launched in 2012 and concluded in December 2018. This report provides our findings from the impact analysis. Our research focused on answering the following: Does supportive housing improve access to services, keep families stably housed, help keep families together and reduce their time spent in the child welfare system, and improve the health and social and emotional well-being for parents and children? Read More

Small Voices Big Dreams 2019 – Full Technical Manual

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 25th, 2020

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989) determines that every child has the right to receive adequate protection and defines violence against children as “any form of physical or mental injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse”. Violence is manifested in many ways, including physical punishment, but also psychological and emotional maltreatment; sexual harassment and abuse; labor exploitation, sexual exploitation and human trafficking; harmful practices, such as female genital mutilation and child marriage; bullying and cyber bullying; attacks in conflict zones, and many others. According to recent estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO, 2018) , every year almost 1 billion children in the world suffer from some kind of physical, sexual, emotional violence or neglect. Read More

Derechos Humanos de la Niñez Migrante

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 12th, 2020

El presente cuadernillo, titulado Derechos humanos de la niñez migrante, forma parte de la Serie Migración y Derechos Humanos, elaborada conjuntamente por el Instituto de Políticas Públicas en Derechos Humanos (IPPDH) del Mercado Común del Sur (MERCOSUR) y la Oficina Regional para América del Sur de la Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM). La serie Migración y Derechos Humanos consiste en un conjunto de materiales didácticos destinados a un público amplio, interesado en adquirir herramientas para el abordaje de la temática migratoria desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos. Este cuadernillo, el segundo de la serie, se centra en los derechos humanos de la niñez migrante. En primer lugar, presenta algunas consideraciones introductorias sobre la niñez migrante en América Latina: un breve panorama de las definiciones, las estimaciones y los rasgos principales de las diversas problemáticas que afectan a los niños y niñas que migran en la región. Read More

South African Early Childhood Review 2019

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 25th, 2020

The National Development Plan 2030 was adopted in 2012. After eight years we have made some progress on both the policy front and on child development outcomes. For example, the National Integrated Early Childhood Development Policy was adopted in 2015, while maternal and child mortality rates have continued on a downward trend. Many of the elements of the Essential Package of early childhood development are in place. The South African Early Childhood Review provides us with rich data on child development and shows us that in the main we have some progress, however there are some areas where we have made little or no progress. The picture painted by this year’s review is quite bleak. Despite the numerous interventions across different sectors, South Africa’s stunting rate at 27% remains unacceptably high. We have to ask the question ‘Why does this situation remain?’ Read More

Derechos de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes Migrantes y Refugiados: Una Guía Para su Protección

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 12th, 2020

México cuenta hoy con un marco normativo nacional en el cual podemos diferenciar entre aquellas leyes que regulan la estancia en el país o la forma de obtener la protección del Estado mexicano de los Niños, Niñas y Adolescentes en contexto de Mig ración No acompañados (NNACMNA), independientemente de su condición de NNA, frente a aquellas otras que aun cuando los reconocen como personas migrantes, prevalece su condición de niñez y, por tanto, les otorgan diversos derechos y medidas tendentes a su desarrollo, asistencia y protección integral. Dentro de las primeras está la Ley de Migración (LM) que regula lo relativo al ingreso y salida de mexicanos y extranjeros del territorio nacional, situaciones que son operadas por el Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM), en tanto que la Ley Sobre Refugiados, Protección Complementaria10 y Asilo Político (LRPCAP), tiene por objeto establecer el procedimiento para la determinación de la condición de refugiado a través de la COMAR. Read More

Migración y Trabajo Infantil en Guatemala

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 12th, 2020

En Guatemala, la OIM coordina esfuerzos con distintas instituciones, entre las que se encuentra la Secretaría del Bienestar Social de la Presidencia (SBS). En conjunto con SBS, la OIM llevó a cabo la Encuesta de Hogares de Movilidad Humana 2016, que resultó en dos publicaciones: Vol 1: Composición Familiar y Vol 2: Vivienda. Con base en esa primera recolección, se planificó una investigación en la misma línea. Es así como, en los meses de mayo a octubre de 2017, en conjunto con SBS, la OIM implementó la Encuesta de Hogares de Movilidad Humana en Guatemala, con el objetivo de generar información sobre la niñez migrante no acompañada retornada y sus familias, para que sirva como apoyo a la gestión humanitaria y la toma de decisiones basadas en el conocimiento. Read More

La Niñez en las Migraciones Globales: Perspectivas Teóricas Para Analizar su Participación

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 12th, 2020

El objetivo de este artículo es ofrecer una revisión del estado del arte sobre la infancia migrante como un nuevo actor global, dada su mayor presencia en los flujos migratorios internacionales y dentro de Latinoamérica. Se propone el concepto de capacidad de agencia, complementario al ejercicio de derechos, para analizar las formas de participación infantil en los proyectos migratorios autónomos (no acompañados) y familiares. A partir del reconocimiento del racismo y la subalternización que afecta a la niñez migrante, se discuten las teorías anglosajonas de la integración —entendida como asimilación— que han influido el ámbito latinoamericano, donde la escolarización funciona como un indicador del grado de integración. Se realiza una revisión crítica del concepto de “segunda generación”, por su contenido clasista, etnocéntrico y adultocéntrico. Finalmente, se reflexiona sobre la dimensión transnacional de la infancia migrante. Read More

Child-Friendly Information for Children in Migration Child-Friendly Information for Children in Migration: Roundtable What Do Children Think?

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 11th, 2020

Children are rights bearers regardless of their immigration status. In the context of migration, children must first and foremost be treated as children. The best interests of the child must govern every decision taken concerning a child, regardless of their legal status. The child has the right to be informed in a child‑friendly way of their rights and the procedures affecting them. The Council of Europe Strategy on the Rights of the Child (2016‑2021) identified the participation of all children as a priority area for action. The Council of Europe Action Plan on Protecting Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe (2017‑2019) was adopted to strengthen action focusing on ensuring access to rights and child‑friendly procedures, providing effective protection and enhancing the integration of children who would remain in Europe. Read More

Mentoring Methodological Framework for MINT Project

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 11th, 2020

The world is currently facing unprecedented numbers of people on the move. Migrants can face a myriad of risks before, during and after the journey – especially migrant children. It is daunting to have to adjust to a new country when you are traumatized, homesick, alone and scared. Recognizing those needs and challenges, the MINT project aims to contribute to the successful integration of third country national children (TCN) in the EU, by enabling them to fulfill their full potential in their host countries. Read More

How to Convey Child-Friendly Information to Children in Migration: A Handbook for Front line Professionals

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • February 11th, 2020

Lack of accurate information dis-empowers refugees and migrants. Without trustworthy sources of accurate information, refugees and migrants experience additional stress and anxiety; they feel lost and have no understanding of what is happening or what will happen to them. Lack of accessible information also puts states in competition with smugglers and other criminal networks on communicating about migration pathways. The problem is even more serious when it comes to refugee and migrant children, especially if they are unaccompanied or separated from their families. To provide information to children is more than handing them a brochure on rights and procedures, it is talking to them in a way that they understand, depending on their age, gender and culture, building a relationship of trust and helping them make sense of what they are facing when they arrive in Europe. Read More